Consulta de Guies Docents



Academic Year/course: 2022/23

8045 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences

30994 - Science in Action


Teaching Guide Information

Academic Course:
2022/23
Academic Center:
804 - Masters Centre of the Department of Medicine and Life Sciences
Study:
8045 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences
Subject:
30994 - Science in Action
Credits:
5.0
Course:
376 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
363 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences: 2
474 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
607 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
364 - Master in Biomedical Research (BIOMED): 1
301 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences: 1
469 - Master in Clinical Analytical Laboratory (BIOLAC): 1
468 - Master in Biomedical Research (BIOMED): 1
366 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
467 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences (BIOINFO): 2
470 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
365 - Master in Clinical Analytical Laboratory (BIOLAC): 1
Teaching languages:
Theory: Group 1: English
Group 2: English
Teachers:
Maruxa Martinez Campos, Jordi Cami Morell, Eva Maria Casamitjana Martinez
Teaching Period:
First Quarter o Third Quarter
Schedule:

Presentation

This course aims to develop the student’s thinking about issues related to values in science, scientific integrity and the responsible conduct of research. The course takes the PRBB Code of Good Scientific Practice (CGSP) as a starting point and aims to contribute to a reflective process that will mature during the student’s professional life as a scientist.

The objectives of the course are to stimulate students to think critically about different aspects of good scientific practice and to enhance understanding of the realities of scientific practice in today’s environment of scarce resources and high competitiveness.

Associated skills

General competences:

1. To acquire knowledge of good scientific practice guidelines such as the ALLEA European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity and the PRBB GSP Code.

2. To be aware of the uncertainties, conflicts, tensions and contradictions that underlie the practice of scientific research today.

Specific competences:

1. To develop and refine skills in critical reading, reflection and discussion of ethical issues and conflicts that scientists may confront during their professional life.

2. To develop and refine skills in thinking logically about sometimes difficult and uncomfortable problems and situations.

In particular the following competencies will be developed:

a) Instrumental competencies:

  • Skills in critical reading, analysis and synthesis of ethical arguments.
  • Reading and oral communication in English.
  • Problem solving skills through discussion with peers.

b) Interpersonal competencies:

  • Capacity to discuss and negotiate a position with peers and to reach a consensus decision.
  • Capacity to clearly express own opinion both in small groups and with whole class.
  • Awareness of other perspectives and ability to modify own opinion based on careful consideration of these other viewpoints.

c) Systemic competencies

  • Self-directed study and reflection on complex ethical issues with no clear answers.
  • Ability to assimilate information from different sources to develop and clarify own view point.
  • Capacity to understand uncertainty and the need for decision making in uncertain and unpredictable circumstances.

 

Learning outcomes

  • To become familiar with concepts of good scientific practice
  • Develop critical thinking and reasoning skills about complex ethical situations

Sustainable Development Goals

#Sustainable Development Goal 4: Quality education

This course aims at contributing to quality education (SDG4) through developing student's critical thinking about issues related to values in science, scientific integrity and the responsible conduct of research.

 

#Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender equality

This course aims to contribute to gender equality (SDG5) by emphasing the need to include a sex/gender dimension in the design of biomedical research projects and the analysis of results, so that everyone can benefit from these results, regardless of their gender or sex.

Contents

1) Scientific integrity

  • Be aware of the importance of values in the conduct of science.
  • Be aware of the behaviours that may threaten the integrity of science.
  • Know the contents of the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity and other international guidelines.
  • Be familiar with the PRBB Code of Good Scientific Practice.
  • Understand the best ways to prevent problems of integrity.

 

2) Data management

a) Record Keeping

  • Be aware of the importance of systematic data collection and management in all scientific studies.
  • Discuss about the challenges and the best ways to collect and store data collected in scientific studies.
  • Be aware of the mechanisms and procedures for the adequate protection of data and samples and the special case of human samples and data derived from them.

b) Data ownership

  • Understand the concept of ownership with respect to data and samples obtained in a scientific study.
  • Know the rules regarding ownership of data and samples obtained during one’s own research when one is moving from one center to another.

c) Sharing data and collaboration

  • Be aware of the need to plan for future sharing of data, samples and other scientific results.
  • Be familiar with the FAIR principles of data sharing.

 

3) Animal experimentation

  • Be familiar with the debate on the moral status and rights of animals.
  • Be able to justify the use of animals in a research project.
  • Understand the necessary procedures for the use of animals in a research project and be aware that there are existing regulations.
  • Understand the “3 Rs” policy, for Reduction, Replacement and Refinement of the use of animals in research and the need for transparency.

 

4) Human research

  • Understand that any research with humans must have ethical approval.
  • Be familiar with the issues surrounding the obtaining of informed consent from human participants in research and with data protection regulations.
  • Be familiar with the major national and international policy guidance in this area e.g. the Declaration of Helsinki, Belmont report etc.
  • Be aware of the tensions between different philosophical positions with respect to autonomy, liberty and duty in the use of humans in research.

 

5) Conflicts of interest

  • Understand the concept of conflict of interest, and be able to distinguish different types.
  • Know about specific conflicts of interest and their potential consequences.
  • Be aware of the main conflicts of interest that may arise in academic-clinical-industry relationships.
  • Be aware that all professionals have potentially conflicting interests that need to be taken into account.
  • Know about strategies for managing conflicts of interest both for self and others.

 

6) The politics and practice of publication

a) Publication practices

  • Know about good practice in the communication of scientific results and understand why it is important to publish all results.
  • Understand the peculiarities of communicating scientific results in different communication media
  • Be aware that the public should benefit from and be aware of the research results and understand the obligation of researchers to communicate their results to the public.
  • Understand what's considered plagiarism
  • Understand the link between research assessment and publications
  • Be familiar with the concepts of Open Access and Open Science and the different ways to achieve this.

d) Peer review

  • Be familiar with the peer review process.
  • Identify the conflicts of interest that may arise for a reviewer of a grant application or an article submitted for publication.
  • Recognize the strengths and weaknesses of peer review, and be able to propose alternatives or ways in which the peer review process may be improved.

e) Authorship

  • Be familiar with the main authorship guidelines (ICMJE) and the recommendations to avoid authorship conflicts
  • Know how to identify the conditions for authorship and be able to argue convincingly regarding the position of an author in a list of credits.
  • Understand who should appear in the acknowledgements.

 

Teaching Methods

Approach and general organization of the subject

The subject consists on an online material and class (face-to-face or online) seminars. The aim of the online materials is to promote student autonomy by providing the essential information relevant to the course topics in a format that can be studied flexibly in the student’s own time. Completion of the self study component is essential to develop an understanding of the different tensions that operate in today’s scientific enterprise and students are expected to devote sufficient time to the careful study of these materials.

Class seminars aim to give students the opportunity for an in-depth reflection and discussion of controversial and sometimes difficult issues with their colleagues and the tutors. Students are expected to actively engage in discussion and problem solving individually and in groups.

Format:

i) Online material for self-study.

ii) Attendance to 4'5h of class seminars.

iii) Online test based on online materials.

Training activities*

Online: Theoretical concepts will be introduced through online materials including presentations, case-studies and scenarios, video dramas, readings, discussions on the forum, and questionnaires and quizzes.

Class seminars: They will be based on the analysis and discussion of problems. Teaching methodologies will include short presentations, group work and role plays.

Program of activities 

The subject consists on self-study online materials that provide the essential information regarding the course topics, and class seminars that will offer the opportunity of discussing with colleagues and trainers about controversial and difficult issues.

Estimated time spent on the subject:

Work in the class seminars (total of 4.5 hours). In addition, there is the time for the completion of the compulsory online course (self-study and final test, total of 41 hours), as well as the preparation of seminars, participation in online forums, further reading and other activities such as visualization of interactive videos, documentaries, etc. (total 78 hours).

Evaluation

Assessment system

The compulsory attendance to class seminars and the completion of the online course will be assessed. There will be a final 'case study' test based on the contents of the online course as well as quizzes for each module.

Grading system

Students will be graded according to the following criteria:

-80% of the grade will come from the results of the final 'case study' test and the quizzes of each module.

-20% of the grade will come from an assessment of their active participation in the course via the online forum.

Bibliography and information resources

 

 


Academic Year/course: 2022/23

8045 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences

30994 - Science in Action


Informació de la Guia Docent

Academic Course:
2022/23
Academic Center:
804 - Masters Centre of the Department of Medicine and Life Sciences
Study:
8045 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences
Subject:
30994 - Science in Action
Credits:
5.0
Course:
376 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
363 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences: 2
474 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
607 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
364 - Master in Biomedical Research (BIOMED): 1
301 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences: 1
469 - Master in Clinical Analytical Laboratory (BIOLAC): 1
468 - Master in Biomedical Research (BIOMED): 1
366 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
467 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences (BIOINFO): 2
470 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
365 - Master in Clinical Analytical Laboratory (BIOLAC): 1
Teaching languages:
Theory: Group 1: English
Group 2: English
Teachers:
Maruxa Martinez Campos, Jordi Cami Morell, Eva Maria Casamitjana Martinez
Teaching Period:
First Quarter o Third Quarter
Schedule:

Presentation

This course aims to develop the student’s thinking about issues related to values in science, scientific integrity and the responsible conduct of research. The course takes the PRBB Code of Good Scientific Practice (CGSP) as a starting point and aims to contribute to a reflective process that will mature during the student’s professional life as a scientist.

The objectives of the course are to stimulate students to think critically about different aspects of good scientific practice and to enhance understanding of the realities of scientific practice in today’s environment of scarce resources and high competitiveness.

Associated skills

General competences:

1. To acquire knowledge of good scientific practice guidelines such as the ALLEA European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity and the PRBB GSP Code.

2. To be aware of the uncertainties, conflicts, tensions and contradictions that underlie the practice of scientific research today.

Specific competences:

1. To develop and refine skills in critical reading, reflection and discussion of ethical issues and conflicts that scientists may confront during their professional life.

2. To develop and refine skills in thinking logically about sometimes difficult and uncomfortable problems and situations.

In particular the following competencies will be developed:

a) Instrumental competencies:

  • Skills in critical reading, analysis and synthesis of ethical arguments.
  • Reading and oral communication in English.
  • Problem solving skills through discussion with peers.

b) Interpersonal competencies:

  • Capacity to discuss and negotiate a position with peers and to reach a consensus decision.
  • Capacity to clearly express own opinion both in small groups and with whole class.
  • Awareness of other perspectives and ability to modify own opinion based on careful consideration of these other viewpoints.

c) Systemic competencies

  • Self-directed study and reflection on complex ethical issues with no clear answers.
  • Ability to assimilate information from different sources to develop and clarify own view point.
  • Capacity to understand uncertainty and the need for decision making in uncertain and unpredictable circumstances.

 

Learning outcomes

  • To become familiar with concepts of good scientific practice
  • Develop critical thinking and reasoning skills about complex ethical situations

Sustainable Development Goals

#Sustainable Development Goal 4: Quality education

This course aims at contributing to quality education (SDG4) through developing student's critical thinking about issues related to values in science, scientific integrity and the responsible conduct of research.

 

#Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender equality

This course aims to contribute to gender equality (SDG5) by emphasing the need to include a sex/gender dimension in the design of biomedical research projects and the analysis of results, so that everyone can benefit from these results, regardless of their gender or sex.

Contents

1) Scientific integrity

  • Be aware of the importance of values in the conduct of science.
  • Be aware of the behaviours that may threaten the integrity of science.
  • Know the contents of the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity and other international guidelines.
  • Be familiar with the PRBB Code of Good Scientific Practice.
  • Understand the best ways to prevent problems of integrity.

 

2) Data management

a) Record Keeping

  • Be aware of the importance of systematic data collection and management in all scientific studies.
  • Discuss about the challenges and the best ways to collect and store data collected in scientific studies.
  • Be aware of the mechanisms and procedures for the adequate protection of data and samples and the special case of human samples and data derived from them.

b) Data ownership

  • Understand the concept of ownership with respect to data and samples obtained in a scientific study.
  • Know the rules regarding ownership of data and samples obtained during one’s own research when one is moving from one center to another.

c) Sharing data and collaboration

  • Be aware of the need to plan for future sharing of data, samples and other scientific results.
  • Be familiar with the FAIR principles of data sharing.

 

3) Animal experimentation

  • Be familiar with the debate on the moral status and rights of animals.
  • Be able to justify the use of animals in a research project.
  • Understand the necessary procedures for the use of animals in a research project and be aware that there are existing regulations.
  • Understand the “3 Rs” policy, for Reduction, Replacement and Refinement of the use of animals in research and the need for transparency.

 

4) Human research

  • Understand that any research with humans must have ethical approval.
  • Be familiar with the issues surrounding the obtaining of informed consent from human participants in research and with data protection regulations.
  • Be familiar with the major national and international policy guidance in this area e.g. the Declaration of Helsinki, Belmont report etc.
  • Be aware of the tensions between different philosophical positions with respect to autonomy, liberty and duty in the use of humans in research.

 

5) Conflicts of interest

  • Understand the concept of conflict of interest, and be able to distinguish different types.
  • Know about specific conflicts of interest and their potential consequences.
  • Be aware of the main conflicts of interest that may arise in academic-clinical-industry relationships.
  • Be aware that all professionals have potentially conflicting interests that need to be taken into account.
  • Know about strategies for managing conflicts of interest both for self and others.

 

6) The politics and practice of publication

a) Publication practices

  • Know about good practice in the communication of scientific results and understand why it is important to publish all results.
  • Understand the peculiarities of communicating scientific results in different communication media
  • Be aware that the public should benefit from and be aware of the research results and understand the obligation of researchers to communicate their results to the public.
  • Understand what's considered plagiarism
  • Understand the link between research assessment and publications
  • Be familiar with the concepts of Open Access and Open Science and the different ways to achieve this.

d) Peer review

  • Be familiar with the peer review process.
  • Identify the conflicts of interest that may arise for a reviewer of a grant application or an article submitted for publication.
  • Recognize the strengths and weaknesses of peer review, and be able to propose alternatives or ways in which the peer review process may be improved.

e) Authorship

  • Be familiar with the main authorship guidelines (ICMJE) and the recommendations to avoid authorship conflicts
  • Know how to identify the conditions for authorship and be able to argue convincingly regarding the position of an author in a list of credits.
  • Understand who should appear in the acknowledgements.

 

Teaching Methods

Approach and general organization of the subject

The subject consists on an online material and class (face-to-face or online) seminars. The aim of the online materials is to promote student autonomy by providing the essential information relevant to the course topics in a format that can be studied flexibly in the student’s own time. Completion of the self study component is essential to develop an understanding of the different tensions that operate in today’s scientific enterprise and students are expected to devote sufficient time to the careful study of these materials.

Class seminars aim to give students the opportunity for an in-depth reflection and discussion of controversial and sometimes difficult issues with their colleagues and the tutors. Students are expected to actively engage in discussion and problem solving individually and in groups.

Format:

i) Online material for self-study.

ii) Attendance to 4'5h of class seminars.

iii) Online test based on online materials.

Training activities*

Online: Theoretical concepts will be introduced through online materials including presentations, case-studies and scenarios, video dramas, readings, discussions on the forum, and questionnaires and quizzes.

Class seminars: They will be based on the analysis and discussion of problems. Teaching methodologies will include short presentations, group work and role plays.

Program of activities 

The subject consists on self-study online materials that provide the essential information regarding the course topics, and class seminars that will offer the opportunity of discussing with colleagues and trainers about controversial and difficult issues.

Estimated time spent on the subject:

Work in the class seminars (total of 4.5 hours). In addition, there is the time for the completion of the compulsory online course (self-study and final test, total of 41 hours), as well as the preparation of seminars, participation in online forums, further reading and other activities such as visualization of interactive videos, documentaries, etc. (total 78 hours).

Evaluation

Assessment system

The compulsory attendance to class seminars and the completion of the online course will be assessed. There will be a final 'case study' test based on the contents of the online course as well as quizzes for each module.

Grading system

Students will be graded according to the following criteria:

-80% of the grade will come from the results of the final 'case study' test and the quizzes of each module.

-20% of the grade will come from an assessment of their active participation in the course via the online forum.

Bibliography and information resources

 

 


Academic Year/course: 2022/23

8045 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences

30994 - Science in Action


Información de la Guía Docente

Academic Course:
2022/23
Academic Center:
804 - Masters Centre of the Department of Medicine and Life Sciences
Study:
8045 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences
Subject:
30994 - Science in Action
Credits:
5.0
Course:
376 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
363 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences: 2
474 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
607 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
364 - Master in Biomedical Research (BIOMED): 1
301 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences: 1
469 - Master in Clinical Analytical Laboratory (BIOLAC): 1
468 - Master in Biomedical Research (BIOMED): 1
366 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
467 - Master in Bioinformatics for Health Sciences (BIOINFO): 2
470 - Master in Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industry: 1
365 - Master in Clinical Analytical Laboratory (BIOLAC): 1
Teaching languages:
Theory: Group 1: English
Group 2: English
Teachers:
Maruxa Martinez Campos, Jordi Cami Morell, Eva Maria Casamitjana Martinez
Teaching Period:
First Quarter o Third Quarter
Schedule:

Presentation

This course aims to develop the student’s thinking about issues related to values in science, scientific integrity and the responsible conduct of research. The course takes the PRBB Code of Good Scientific Practice (CGSP) as a starting point and aims to contribute to a reflective process that will mature during the student’s professional life as a scientist.

The objectives of the course are to stimulate students to think critically about different aspects of good scientific practice and to enhance understanding of the realities of scientific practice in today’s environment of scarce resources and high competitiveness.

Associated skills

General competences:

1. To acquire knowledge of good scientific practice guidelines such as the ALLEA European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity and the PRBB GSP Code.

2. To be aware of the uncertainties, conflicts, tensions and contradictions that underlie the practice of scientific research today.

Specific competences:

1. To develop and refine skills in critical reading, reflection and discussion of ethical issues and conflicts that scientists may confront during their professional life.

2. To develop and refine skills in thinking logically about sometimes difficult and uncomfortable problems and situations.

In particular the following competencies will be developed:

a) Instrumental competencies:

  • Skills in critical reading, analysis and synthesis of ethical arguments.
  • Reading and oral communication in English.
  • Problem solving skills through discussion with peers.

b) Interpersonal competencies:

  • Capacity to discuss and negotiate a position with peers and to reach a consensus decision.
  • Capacity to clearly express own opinion both in small groups and with whole class.
  • Awareness of other perspectives and ability to modify own opinion based on careful consideration of these other viewpoints.

c) Systemic competencies

  • Self-directed study and reflection on complex ethical issues with no clear answers.
  • Ability to assimilate information from different sources to develop and clarify own view point.
  • Capacity to understand uncertainty and the need for decision making in uncertain and unpredictable circumstances.

 

Learning outcomes

  • To become familiar with concepts of good scientific practice
  • Develop critical thinking and reasoning skills about complex ethical situations

Sustainable Development Goals

#Sustainable Development Goal 4: Quality education

This course aims at contributing to quality education (SDG4) through developing student's critical thinking about issues related to values in science, scientific integrity and the responsible conduct of research.

 

#Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender equality

This course aims to contribute to gender equality (SDG5) by emphasing the need to include a sex/gender dimension in the design of biomedical research projects and the analysis of results, so that everyone can benefit from these results, regardless of their gender or sex.

Contents

1) Scientific integrity

  • Be aware of the importance of values in the conduct of science.
  • Be aware of the behaviours that may threaten the integrity of science.
  • Know the contents of the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity and other international guidelines.
  • Be familiar with the PRBB Code of Good Scientific Practice.
  • Understand the best ways to prevent problems of integrity.

 

2) Data management

a) Record Keeping

  • Be aware of the importance of systematic data collection and management in all scientific studies.
  • Discuss about the challenges and the best ways to collect and store data collected in scientific studies.
  • Be aware of the mechanisms and procedures for the adequate protection of data and samples and the special case of human samples and data derived from them.

b) Data ownership

  • Understand the concept of ownership with respect to data and samples obtained in a scientific study.
  • Know the rules regarding ownership of data and samples obtained during one’s own research when one is moving from one center to another.

c) Sharing data and collaboration

  • Be aware of the need to plan for future sharing of data, samples and other scientific results.
  • Be familiar with the FAIR principles of data sharing.

 

3) Animal experimentation

  • Be familiar with the debate on the moral status and rights of animals.
  • Be able to justify the use of animals in a research project.
  • Understand the necessary procedures for the use of animals in a research project and be aware that there are existing regulations.
  • Understand the “3 Rs” policy, for Reduction, Replacement and Refinement of the use of animals in research and the need for transparency.

 

4) Human research

  • Understand that any research with humans must have ethical approval.
  • Be familiar with the issues surrounding the obtaining of informed consent from human participants in research and with data protection regulations.
  • Be familiar with the major national and international policy guidance in this area e.g. the Declaration of Helsinki, Belmont report etc.
  • Be aware of the tensions between different philosophical positions with respect to autonomy, liberty and duty in the use of humans in research.

 

5) Conflicts of interest

  • Understand the concept of conflict of interest, and be able to distinguish different types.
  • Know about specific conflicts of interest and their potential consequences.
  • Be aware of the main conflicts of interest that may arise in academic-clinical-industry relationships.
  • Be aware that all professionals have potentially conflicting interests that need to be taken into account.
  • Know about strategies for managing conflicts of interest both for self and others.

 

6) The politics and practice of publication

a) Publication practices

  • Know about good practice in the communication of scientific results and understand why it is important to publish all results.
  • Understand the peculiarities of communicating scientific results in different communication media
  • Be aware that the public should benefit from and be aware of the research results and understand the obligation of researchers to communicate their results to the public.
  • Understand what's considered plagiarism
  • Understand the link between research assessment and publications
  • Be familiar with the concepts of Open Access and Open Science and the different ways to achieve this.

d) Peer review

  • Be familiar with the peer review process.
  • Identify the conflicts of interest that may arise for a reviewer of a grant application or an article submitted for publication.
  • Recognize the strengths and weaknesses of peer review, and be able to propose alternatives or ways in which the peer review process may be improved.

e) Authorship

  • Be familiar with the main authorship guidelines (ICMJE) and the recommendations to avoid authorship conflicts
  • Know how to identify the conditions for authorship and be able to argue convincingly regarding the position of an author in a list of credits.
  • Understand who should appear in the acknowledgements.

 

Teaching Methods

Approach and general organization of the subject

The subject consists on an online material and class (face-to-face or online) seminars. The aim of the online materials is to promote student autonomy by providing the essential information relevant to the course topics in a format that can be studied flexibly in the student’s own time. Completion of the self study component is essential to develop an understanding of the different tensions that operate in today’s scientific enterprise and students are expected to devote sufficient time to the careful study of these materials.

Class seminars aim to give students the opportunity for an in-depth reflection and discussion of controversial and sometimes difficult issues with their colleagues and the tutors. Students are expected to actively engage in discussion and problem solving individually and in groups.

Format:

i) Online material for self-study.

ii) Attendance to 4'5h of class seminars.

iii) Online test based on online materials.

Training activities*

Online: Theoretical concepts will be introduced through online materials including presentations, case-studies and scenarios, video dramas, readings, discussions on the forum, and questionnaires and quizzes.

Class seminars: They will be based on the analysis and discussion of problems. Teaching methodologies will include short presentations, group work and role plays.

Program of activities 

The subject consists on self-study online materials that provide the essential information regarding the course topics, and class seminars that will offer the opportunity of discussing with colleagues and trainers about controversial and difficult issues.

Estimated time spent on the subject:

Work in the class seminars (total of 4.5 hours). In addition, there is the time for the completion of the compulsory online course (self-study and final test, total of 41 hours), as well as the preparation of seminars, participation in online forums, further reading and other activities such as visualization of interactive videos, documentaries, etc. (total 78 hours).

Evaluation

Assessment system

The compulsory attendance to class seminars and the completion of the online course will be assessed. There will be a final 'case study' test based on the contents of the online course as well as quizzes for each module.

Grading system

Students will be graded according to the following criteria:

-80% of the grade will come from the results of the final 'case study' test and the quizzes of each module.

-20% of the grade will come from an assessment of their active participation in the course via the online forum.

Bibliography and information resources